What are the symptoms of PID in a female?


What are the symptoms of PID in a female?

What are the symptoms of PID in a female?

There are some things that, even though can be mortifying to admit, need to be addressed. Those include infection of the reproductive system. There’s nothing to be ashamed of - it’s a natural thing that can happen to anyone - no matter the gender, age, or general health condition.

One of the most common ones is called PID, which is often treated with the use of metronidazole 400mg. However, before you can treat it, you need to know what it actually is and what the symptoms are. If you want to find out this and more, all you have to do is keep reading. So, without any further ado, let’s get right into it.


What is PID, and How Can You Get It?

PID is an abbreviation for Pelvic Inflammatory Disease: an infection of female reproductive organs, including the womb, ovaries, and fallopian tubes. Although it usually affects women between 15 and 24 years old who are sexually active, this isn’t always the case. The illness is more common than you might think - one million women are diagnosed with PID each year, just in the United States.

When it comes to what can lead to PID, there is no single answer. The truth is that many things can cause it. In many cases, though, it is caused by a bacterial infection, which entered the organism through the vagina, and then spread higher. There are many types of bacteria that can cause PID. It is also often caused by a sexually transmitted infection or STI for short, such as chlamydia or gonorrhea.

You don’t have to have a STI to get PID. Some factors which increase the risk of getting PID include:

  • having sex under the age of 25
  • not using a condom
  • having multiple sexual partners
  • douching
  • recently inserted IUD (intrauterine device)

It is also worth mentioning that if you have already experienced PID in your life, the risk of you getting it again is relatively high.


How Can You Diagnose PID?

Since there is no one specific test, the diagnosis is often based on the answers to the questions asked during the doctor visit, which include your medical history and sexual habits, your diet as well as symptoms you are experiencing. If you have symptoms that suggest PID, you will be asked to have a pelvic exam to see if your organs are tender.

Keep in mind that the tests you might have to take depend on your doctor, as they might order some additional ones apart from the pelvic exam, including ultrasonography, or endometrial biopsy.


Pelvic Inflammatory Disease - Symptoms

When it comes to pelvic inflammatory disease, it’s not uncommon for a woman to not have any symptoms. However, those who have them usually experience one or two from the following:

  • pain in the lower abdomen (the most common symptom)
  • pain in the upper abdomen
  • pain or discomfort that is noticeable during sex
  • bleedings after sex and in between periods
  • heavy and painful periods
  • unusual vaginal discharge

Some of the least common symptoms that women can experience include:

  • high fever (higher than 38°C or 101°F)
  • throwing up
  • sharp pain in the abdomen area


The Treatment

Keep in mind that untreated pelvic inflammatory disease can cause some pretty serious long-term problems. As studies have shown, one in ten women experiencing PID can suffer from infertility. If a woman does become pregnant, PID can cause ectopic pregnancy, which, if not diagnosed early, can lead to emergency surgery. It can also cause long-lasting pelvic pain.

As you can see, treating PID is crucial. With that said, where do you begin? Well, the first thing that is used in the treatment is antibiotics, which in most cases are enough - they can be in the form of a pill, an injection, or through a tube inserted in a vein. 

Some women might need a hospital stay, which is recommended for those who:

  • are pregnant
  • don’t have a precise diagnosis
  • experience nausea and vomiting
  • are severely ill
  • experience a high fever

Even though it doesn’t happen that much, in some cases, surgery might be needed. This is the case when, for example, an abscess is found. Keep in mind that your sexual partners have to be treated as well, especially since PID can be caused by STIs; a person might not even know they have it, as sometimes there are no signs of illness.


The Bottom Line

Pelvic inflammatory disease is one of those illnesses that have to be treated right away because even though the condition might go away, the damage it does can be irreversible – and the longer you wait, the more severe long-term consequences might be.

The good news is that you can lower your risk by practicing safe sex, getting tested for STIs every once in a while, avoiding douching, and wiping yourself from front to back after using the toilet - this way, the bacteria will have a hard time entering your vagina.

Now that all of this has been said, the only thing that we can tell you is to stay safe, as it’s always better to be safe than sorry.



About Me

 Jessica Boscarini Dallas, Texas

As the Founder of Healthy, Fit, Fab, Jessica wants to help Moms and Moms-to-be feel and look their best, from the inside, out. With her Master's in Holistic Nutrition, as well as being a Certified Personal Chef and Personal Fitness Trainer, Jessica's biggest accomplishment is being a Mom to her son Kaston (born 12.1.12) and daughter Kenzley (born 7.9.15).

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